Monthly Archive March 2015

The parrot in a cage|Four levels

The Parrot in a cage

 

Literal Comprehension:

 
 The poem “The Parrot in the Cage”was composed by Lekhanath Paudyal. The theme of the poem is about freedom, justice, happiness and serenity. The poem is a bitter satire on the then Rana regime that deprived Nepalese people freedom. The speaker has carefully painted the conditions that surround the parrot’s life. The speaker is disappointed by the harsh reality of man’s life. Away from its family, home, kin, friends, and the natural freedom man has forced the parrot to live a tragic life. Similar is the condition of the human life in Nepal of that period. Being a worshipper of nature, Poudel expresses his deep affinity to the natural world that provides him childhood appetite, which he wants in his later life. Having compelled to live away from his family, home and friends, Poudel pains for it and expresses nostalgia towards it. Finally, through the medium of parrot, voices of political, social, religious, spiritual and habitual life style and situation of human beings are exhumed in the poem. The poem clearly advocates the human instinct to live a free and struggled life away from the crowd.

 

 

Interpretation:

 
In this poem “The Parrot in the Cage”, the poet is trying to advocates the freedom of people in the Rana regime. The Nepalese people had been ruled by the Ranas for one hundred and four years. During this period, people were deprived of enjoying all kinds of freedom. The speaker in the poem is disappointed by the harsh reality of man’s life. Besides, man has been found to live away from his family, home, kin, friends, and the spiritual freedom that surround him in the rural life. Thus, man has been forced to live a caged life like the parrot. Man’s indifference to animal’s plight and the mentality of getting entertainment from imprisoning lower animals has been criticized in the poem. Living away from the nature man has invited more tragedy and sorrow in his life.
 

Critical thinking:

 
 The speaker has carefully painted the conditions that surround the parrot’s life. Through the plight of the parrot, the speaker compares the sorrowful description of human life, lack of justice and freedom, the aggression and the cruelty prevalent in the society. Being a worshipper of nature, Poudel expresses his deep affinity to the natural world that provides him childhood appetite, which he wants in his later life. Having compelled to live away from his family, home and friends, Poudel pains for it and expresses nostalgia towards it. More than that, Hindu tradition to pray and appeal God at the time of difficulty is spread all over the poem. In the philosophical level, the poem may be faultless, but I have reservation towards the voices of the parrot. In real life, does a parrot speak like human to express his sorrows?
 

Assimilation:

 
 After reading this poem, I have realized that how cruel the Rana regime was. I always stand for the freedom of the human beings. As Jean jacks Rousseau said, “Man is born free and wants to live free”. Thus, I request all the human beings not to capture any animal as well as not any citizens at the name of ruling system or any pleasure.

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Piano

 Piano- Four Levels  (D.H Lawrence)                                                            

D.H. Lawrence
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Summary:

“Piano” is a beautiful poem composed by D.H. Lawrence, an English poet. In this poem, the poet shows the importance of bygone days. The poet is listening to the beautiful music of piano and melodious song performed by a young woman in the dusk. She is probably his beloved. The poet is enjoying the song and music very much being spellbound. She is also trying to her best to woo the poet. But at the same time the poet remembers his childhood days. When he was small child, his mother played the piano every Sunday evening. When she played the piano, hymns started in the cozy parlor. The poet sat on the holy lap of his mother. His manhood is east and the beautiful song and music of his beloved became a great disturbing noise for the poet. He sinks in the floods of remembrance and he weeps like a child. 
 
OR
 
In this poem the poet describes that on the evening poet heard a strange women’s voice who was singing a melodious song. By hearing that women’s song the poet stops for a while and starts thinking about his past. In his past when he was child, his mother also used to sing melodious hymns songs by playing a piano. At that time, poet used to go under the piano and touch his mother toes and feet and after seeing her son (poet) mother used to give him a smile. By seeing smile poet used to be very happy and entertained fully. Although poet didn’t understand the meaning of song, he used to be fully entertained by his mother’s song and her smiles. But poet cannot live by remembering his childhood stage and the mother. Suddenly, he thinks that it is useless for women to continue any further because he couldn’t live in his memory forever. He has to come back from his deep thinking because he has to face his real life at present. He has so many duties and responsibilities to fulfill. He realized the fact that he was no more children and childhood is only the memorable phase of life and bursts into tears and weeps like a child. 
 

Interpretation:

The poem ‘PIANO’ tells us that childhood is the one of the most memorable phase of life. Some moments of our childhood becomes so memorable and important like in the poem when he (poet) heard a strange women singing a song recalls his past days. He entertains himself and gets refreshed recalling his past childhood memories. By this means of poem, the poet may be trying to tell us that the music has the potentiality to entertain the people of all ages. It can make us fell relief. Likewise this poem tells us that mothers are so great because the give us lots of love and care and make our life beautiful. Even if they are not with us, the time we spent with our mother is so special and memorable which can make us happy for a while in life. 
 

Critical thinking:

The poem is nostalgic .It is very interesting and beautidful poem.Although I agree with the moral of this poem that music has potentiality to entertain the people of all ages, I found some parts of the poem really unconvincing and questionable.
 
  • Do all people get fully entertained by the music as poet in the poem does? 
  • Do all people have happy childhood that they want to recall? 
  • Does any responsible person want to go back in the childhood memory of past that he passed without responsibility? 
  • Isn’t it somewhat shameful for one grown up person to weep like a small child recalling his past? 
  • Doesn’t he get affected when a beautiful beloved is wooing? 
  • Does he really weep like a child? 

Assimilation:

Before reading this poem, I don’t used to give much more importance to music. But after reading this poem, I came to know that music can make us feel relief and can spellbound people of any age.The melody of the song and music touch every human being and it makes them emotional and sentimental. This poem took me back to my childhood. When I was a small child, my mother also played the flute and my grandmother chanted hymns. They carried me on their laps turn by turn lovingly. Now, they are no more in this world. Today also I hear the music of flute. I go back to my childhood and tears come out from my eyes and I became very sad. We can be physically and mentally refreshed by enjoying music. Moreover, we can entertain ourselves even for a while by remembering our joyous childhood in this busy life.

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YUDHISTHIRA’S WISDOM

Yudhisthira’s wisdom, four levels 

Literal Comprehension:

These experts have been taken from the MAHABHARAT. One of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. Recounting events that allegedly took place some 2.800 years ago. The writing of this epic took place centuries later, possibly spanning from the vedic period (about 2500 years ago) to the early Gupta period (about 1700 years ago) According to the Hindu tradition, the author is YAKSHA.While Hunting for deer in forest, the five Pandava brothers grow thirsty. Exhausted Yudhisthira, the eldest sends one brother to search for water. When this brother fails to return, Yudhisthira sends his other brother one at a time , but the too fail to return. Then Ydhisthira goes to search for his brother He finds a beautiful pool but alas, hear it he finds his four brothers prostarate on the ground either dead or unconscious. Unknown to Yudhisthara, they have all ignored a Yaksha’s admonition not to drink water before answering his question. Despite his overwhelming thirst, Yudhisrthira obeys the Yaksha. Moreover, he correctly answers the Yaksha’s philosophical queries. Pleased with Yudhisthira wisdom, the Yaksha agree to revive one of the brother, leaving Yudhisthira bases his choice entirely on moral considerations, not on his own selfish need and predilections. The Yaksha reveals himself as a Yama (The god of justice and righteousness) , tells Yudhistra how pleased he is with his uprights, restores to him for bother promises him protection from future hardships, and gives him some useful advice on where to go next.

                                   OR
  Once Pandava brothers were wandering in a forest to hunt a deer, but the deer in their sight disappeared abruptly. In the meantime, they grew thirsty and couldn’t move ahead. Yudhisthira, the eldest brother, sent one of his brothers Nakula in search of water. But he didn’t come back for a long time. So, he sent all his brothers one after the other gradually but none of them returned with any information of source of water nearby. Therefore, ultimately, Yudhisthira himself set out to fetch water and his brothers. After a short walk, he noticed a beautiful pool on the bank of which were lying all his brothers either unconscious or dead. Though he was in extreme distress and sorrow due to this event, he bent to drink water from the pool since his thirst overpowered his grief. But an unknown voice warned him not to drink water before answering his questions. So, Yudhisthira tactfully answered all the questions asked by the voice i.e. Yama, the God of Justice and Death, whereas his brother had disobeyed him and as such were prostrate on the ground. His philosophical answers pleased the God and he became ready to revive one of his brothers. Yudhisthira utilizing his wisdom abandoned his selfishness and selected, on moral grounds, his step-brother for revival. As a result, the god appeared in front Yudhisthira, highly appreciated him for his patience, righteousness and wisdom and restored all his brothers to life.

Interpretation:

The story may be trying to tell us something about the importance of patience, obedience to gods, wisdom and right conduit. Without these characteristics, the PANDAVA brothers would have been lost. The Philosophical portion of course of great interest, with reflections on such concepts as desire and courage.

 
Critical Thinking: 
 

For the critical thinker, this story is a variable good mine. Here are a few examples of what skeptics might say about this charming tale. Are there gods out there. If so, what is the evidence for their existence? Can we truly say that patience and right conduct are rewarded on this earth?

Assimilation: 
 

This story brought for me many associations. It led me for instance , to ask again, which view is right the one which extols desire, or the one which holds it to be the source of much sufferings and evil?

 
                      OR
 

As I read this story, it reminded me of one incident that had once taken place in my village. When I was in my village, a hut caught fire. Many people gathered there and they heard a small baby crying inside the burning hut. But nobody was ready to help him. Ultimately, I ventured lo gel in lo the hut and saved the fife of the baby. This story has encouraged and inspired me to get involved in selfless service.

 

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The Brave little parrot | Adventures In English Vol I

 

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The Brave little parrot-Four Levels 

Literal Comprehension:

Once Buddha was born as a little parrot. In the forest where various animals and birds lived. While all the creatures were spending happy life, a storm and lightening turned the forest into fire. Helpless animals and birds were trapped in the fire. It was terrible picture where birds and animals were crying for help.Seeing that situation the little parrot started to put out the fire by dipping into river and spreading the drops of water into the fire. Though it got burnt all parts of his body the parrot still continued doing the work. Seeing such foolishness of parrot Gods in heaven laughed. But one of the Gods became ready to help him by changing himself into a golden eagle. The parrot didn’t like eagle’s advice rather help when the eagle told the parrot to stop doing that work. So,the eagle began to weep weave upon weave until the fire was put out completely. By the mercy of God all the animals and plants were saved in that forest and there was greenery everywhere. All the animals expressed their gratitude to brave little parrot that saved them.

Interpretation:

Since the story is based on Buddhist Legend it tells much about human kindness,love and help. It tells us we should love and help as far as we car selflessly. It we do selfless help, God loves us. Again, another meaning can be that we should always struggle a lot whether it is fruitful or not. Keep on doing struggle but don’t expect the fruit is its lesson. The good deeds of parrot are praiseworthy that are seen by the god as well. Those who have experienced the bitter life or suffering can understand others well. So rich and aristocratic people never understand the actual pain of poor and common people.

Critical thinking: 

The story teaches us to do selfless service and help to other as moral lesson. Though in philosophy such concept is suitable and impressive but in our practical life such feeling is impossible because people don’t have strong faith on God. Some disagreeing points are:
 (a) Is it possible for a man to be born as a parrot ?
 (b) Do we really believe on the existence of god ? 
(c) Can pouring tear put out forest fire? Besides these some of the confusing points the story has praiseworthy ideas. Teaching human to help others selflessly and be kind and helpful are humane. This aspect of this story is really acceptable and heart touching one.

Assimilation :

 I got extreme influence after reading this story “The Brave Little Parrot” and knew that we must be like the little parrot. While innocent and poor people are doing honest and dutiful works but so called reach people do everything with selfish motive. Reach are indifferent to the suffering of poor. Still the right conduct of parrot teaches us more to do similar type of behaviours in our life as will. If we help others without selfish nature, there will be someone ready to help us. These concept germinated or came in me after reading these mythological story “The Brave Little Parrot”

 

 

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Advantages Of Computer| Computer Fundamentals

downloadAdvantages Of Computer

A computer is an electronic device system that accepts raw data as inputs, processes and manipulates them in digital form to give outputs (results) and store them for future use.Computers have made an impact in virtually all areas of our lives. They have changed the way things are done by increasing accuracy and speed. We no longer need to rely on manpower to execute repetitive and tedious work that can be automated by computers. They have also drastically brought down the cost of doing business. Today, computers are a staple in most disciplines including medicine, accounting, education, engineering and others.Some of the advantages of Computer are as follows:

  • Speed: When data, instructions, and information flow along electronic circuits in a computer, they travel at incredibly fast speeds. Many computers process billions or trillions of operations in a single second. Processing involves computing (e.g., adding, subtracting), sorting (e.g., alphabetizing), organizing, displaying images, recording audio, playing music, and showing a movie or video.
  • Reliability: The electronic components in modern computers are dependable and reliable because they rarely break or fail.
  • Consistency: Given the same input and processes, a computer will produce the same results consistently. A computing phrase  known as garbage in, garbage out  points out that the accuracy of a computer’s output depends on the accuracy of the input. For example, if you do not use the flash on a digital camera when indoors, the resulting pictures that are displayed on the computer screen may be unusable because they are too dark.
  • Storage: A computer can transfer data quickly from storage to memory, process it, and then store it again for future use. Many computers store enormous amounts of data and make this data available for processing anytime it is needed.
  • Communications: Most computers today can communicate with other computers, often wirelessly. Computers with this capability can share any of the four information processing cycle operations input, process, output, and storage with another computer or a user.

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